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To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform
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An evaluation of the current electoral system in response to calls for its reform. In early , the Liberals reneged on their campaign promise, declaring that there was a lack of public consensus about how to reform the system. On election day, voters receive a ballot paper with a list of candidates. As only one MP will represent the area, each party only stands one candidate to chose from.
Voters usually put a cross next to their favourite candidate. But if they think their favourite has a low chance of winning, they may put a cross next to one they like with a better chance of winning. During a General Election, constituencies across the country each hold separate contests. To become an MP, a candidate needs the largest number of votes in their area.hukusyuu.com/profile/2020-01-13/tablet-nutzung-ueberwachen.php
First Past the Post
This means every MP has a different level of local support. In many areas, the majority of people will not have voted for their MP.
Even if millions of voters support the same party, if they are thinly spread out they may only get the largest number of votes in a couple of these contests. Tens of thousands of voters supporting the same party and living in the same area will end up with more MPs. This means the number of MPs a party has in parliament rarely matches their popularity with the public.
This tends to generate two large parties, as small parties without a geographical base find it hard to win seats. With a geographical base, parties that are small UK-wide can still do very well.
First Past the Post – Electoral Reform Society
But, these governments may only have the support of 35 percent Labour , a record low, or 37 percent Conservative of the country. As parties want to get as many MPs as possible, parties prioritise voters who might change their minds who live in swing seats. Parties design their manifestos to appeal to voters in swing seats, and spend the majority of their funds campaigning in them. But, policies designed to appeal to voters in these seats may not help voters in the rest of the country. Voters who live in safe seats can feel ignored by politicians.
What is first past the post?
Many swing seats have two candidates where either could get elected. But some have more. The more candidates with a chance of getting elected the fewer votes the winner needs. In a candidate won the Belfast South election with only 9, votes, or To combat this, voters try to second-guess the results.